Water pollution is only to meet any kind of undesirable gaseous, liquid or solid substances in water.
Caused water pollution
Due to water pollution, water pollution is caused by the following two reasons.
1. Natural 2. Anthropogenic
1. Volcanic ash, dust, weathering etc.
2. Organic waste of forests - such as dry leaves, dead creatures - residues of animals etc. are found in the reservoirs flowing through the rain.
3. Some toxic substances such as mercury, arsenic lead, cadmium, etc. do water pollution in the water. Water is polluted by getting acid rainwater, organic and inorganic substances.
4. With soil erosion, leaching of minerals also results in water pollution.
1. Meet in the water of excreta, water, stool etc. of household and public toilets.
2. Delivering dead animals - animals etc. in water.
3. Leave industrial waste directly in rivers or reservoirs.
4. Meeting of urban garbage and domestic abductors in the rivers.
5. The temperature of water released from nuclear and thermal power plants is high. And it is also polluted, whereby plants and plants die. '
6. Oily pollution; Like - from the ships, by the time of the transport of oil, by the accident, the oceans along the ocean well, etc.
7. Due to the use of fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture, the water which flows in these farms becomes polluted
Effects of water pollution
It is believed that there are harmful effects from water pollution as water bodies are essential for all animals, humans, vegetation etc. Therefore, the impact of water pollution affects everyone.
1. Impact on vegetation, due to excess of nitrate, phosphate etc in agricultural effluents, it becomes a water bloom of aquatic algae like Neel-green algae. As a result, most of the other vegetation is gone. 3.
2. Water from domestic waste, scalding etc. becomes alkaline and inappropriate; much aquatic vegetation is destroyed.
3. Due to excessive moisture in polluted water the sunlight is completely in water. Cannot enter, this reduces the process of photosynthesis.
4. Due to the adulteration of oil in water, the aquatic organisms cannot get oxygen, they do not fly and die due to the oil in the birds' wings.
Extraction of organic substances (such as waste products, flowing stool - urine) in water is called Eutrophication. Up gradation of organic matter in water enhances the productivity of water, through these aquatic plants. The fox increases more and covers the surface of water, and most of the water is absorbed by the oxygen, which reduces the season for organisms. The amount of wigeon required for decomposition by microorganisms is called Biological Oxygen Dernand (BOD)
Effect of polluted water on humans
By drinking polluted drinking water, humans may be at risk of the following diseases.
1. Jaundice, Hepatitis etc. Viral born diseases.
2. Typhoid, cholera, diarrhea, dysentery etc. are bacterial diseases. Nauru is a worm-borne disease.
3. Skin diseases, eye diseases, secondary infections etc.
4. Amoebas, stomach ache, intestinal tract infection and protozoa etc. Born disease
5. Dental decay (fluorosis), distortion of bones are water borne diseases in Rajasthan by the presence of fluoride present in high quantity of water.
6. The presence of cadmium, mercury, nitrite, arsenic, ladders etc. makes the water poisonous. Due to Parva (Hg), it causes Minamata disease. Cattyame causes iti-Itai disease.
7. Refinance of polluted water costs a lot of money.
8. Excessive amount of water in the nitrate acts as hemoglobin by making hemoglobin, which distorts oxygen traffic. It is called methamphetamine or blue baby syndrome.
9. Concentrations of non-biodegradable each nutrient. Grows at the level and becomes the highest among the high consumer. This verb is called biological magnification.
Influence on aquatic organisms
1. Fishes die from aquatic pollution. Hence there is adverse impact on the fishing industry and other industries. Daphania, trout etc. shows the intensity of water pollution.
2. The opposite effect of oil pollution on sea organisms. .
3. End of many organisms simultaneously with thermal pollution
A. Geological Survey of India, India's first core library (mineral) is being set up in Jhunjhunun, Rajasthan.
B. India's most polluted river is Amalakhedi (Gujarat).
C. Itati-Iti disease occurs due to excessive cadmium.
D. The major pollutants of ground water are arsenic and fluoride
E. Damodar river (in India) is the most polluted river due to arsenic.
Influence on other organisms
1. Drinking polluted water like cow, buffalo etc. gets infected with intestinal diseases.
2. Drinking water containing fluoride leads to tuberculosis of bones and teeth in pet and wild animals.
Rules and Regulations of Water Pollution Control
1. Apply for Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 so that water pollution can be prevented and controlled and nutritious water can be retained in the country.2. This Act was amended in 1988