Uninterrupted elements of which air is polluted. They are called air pollutants and pollutants generated by them are called air pollution.
Reason for air pollutionThe cause of air pollution can be divided into two parts.
1. Natural causes 2. Human causes
1. Natural reasonsThere is pollution in the air from the volcanic eruptions, fires in forests, dust blowing during the storms, mud and bogs during biological and chemical processes occurring in bogs. But This pollution is in very small quantities, whose diagnosis is also naturally occur only after some time.
2 Human factors
The reason for air pollution is primarily human. It started due to industrialization, urbanization and technical development. You can clarify this as follows.
1. Industrialization requires energy, due to which biological. Fuels are combusted, as a result many gases and substances are produced; Such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide etc.
2. Combustion of coal is done in the power houses, in which large amounts of sulfur dioxide, sooty, colodya ash etc. are wasted in air. Are omitted.
3. Smoke comes from the combustion of gasoline or diesel used in the means of transportation (such as car, tank, bus etc.), in which micro carbon particles, nitrogen oxides and peroxide gases, carbon monoxide gases, ladders etc., which emit y Pollute. The main pollutants produced by the engines are carbon monoxide (77.2%), nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbons.
4. Combustion of fossil fuels used in household work also results in polluting the air.
5. Molecular explosions also contain harmful chemicals and dust particles in air. Together it pollutes.
6. Physical instruments; For example - Chlorofluorocarbon is used as refrigerants in fridge, air conditioners etc., which gradually destroys the ozone layer, which is called ozone hole. Due to ozone, ultraviolet rays reach the Earth and the skin produces cancers.
7. In order to increase productivity in agricultural works, pesticide is very fine sprayed. In addition, DDT, BHC etc. are also powder. All these harmful substances combine the air into the air to pollute the air.
8. The use of the organic solvents; For example, the furniture of polish, spray stomach is done. These liquid hydrocarbons that evaporate at low heat. So when it is used, it evaporates into the air, pollutes the air
9. By smoking people
10. By toiletries.
11. Other than firecrackers run for fun; For example, carcasses - carpets, dead animals, etc., smelled deodorant. Are those that pollute the air.
Effects of air pollutionSince the air can go far away - the effect of this pollution is widespread. This pollution affects all vegetation, human health, other organisms, environment, etc. adversely. Their effect can be seen as follows.
Effects on floraPlants' leaves fall precipitously due to the insoluble atmosphere with foul smell. Flatirons hydrocarbons of leaves are blocked by oil, so that both photosynthesis and transpiration are adversely affected. Leaves are removed from hydrocarbons prematurely and flower petals are twisted. In areas with high air pollution, the gases in the air with rain water harm the flora. Combustion of fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum) produces sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide (CO) etc., which act with atmospheric water to produce sulfuric acid or nitric acid. With acidic water these acids also come to Earth so it is called acid rain. Acid rain causes the color of flowers to become faint, loss of plants, nutrients from the soil are released by soil neutralization. Countries affected by acid rain are North America and Scandinavian countries.
Influence on human healthCarbon monoxide present in the air passes through the sauces to the papilla, making it hemoglobin in hemoglobin in the blood. Forest monoxide (CO) is 200 times more active than oxygen. Therefore, the person has a very small amount of carbon monoxide. Damages and if its volume is abundant, then the person suffers from suffocation, because the carbon monoxide reduces the ability to carry oxygen due to the blood. It suffers from and decreases the functioning of asphyxia and lungs and brain function. In winter nights, people often go to sleep without burning the coal in the air room, due to which there is no abundance of oxygen due to coal burning, instead of CO, C0 gas, which makes the air faster than hemoglobin of human blood From which sleeping in the room. The death is due to the death.
1. Ga skies from vehicles; Such as carbon monoxide (77%), nitrogen. Oxides and hydrocarbons enter the body with respiration, etc. By which the respiratory system diseases in humans, asthma, bronchitis, burning in the eyes. Soreness and infection occur in children
2. Nitrogen oxide + hydrocarbons - Parallax acetyl nitrate + O (ozone).
3. Ozone affects the respiratory system and the eyes of the animals. PAN WASHABLE Harms to PAN light prevents optical decomposition of water in synthesis.
4. NO2, 03 and PAN are collectively called photo chemical smog. The effect of the PAN is the dissolution of the ozone layer and radiation of ultraviolet rays increases on Earth, which is harmful to the organisms.
5. Sulfur dioxide damages the membrane system of living cells, causing tissue decay and headache.
6. Burning coal is also free of CO and water and oxide mixture is also free. The mineral ash flies from the coal as a fly ash. Some licenses; Like - Ussenia, SO, indicates pollution.
Impact on insects and wildlifeAnimal organisms are also affected by air pollution; Like - some bees, butterflies, etc. are eliminated by air pollution. Due to decrease in the production of Kashmiri apples, the number of bees is considered to be low because the bees help fertilize the flowers by fertilizing the flowers. The respiratory system and the nervous system are affected due to the visible air of other wildlife.
Air pollution rules and regulations1. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 came into effect and was revised in 1987 to prevent and control air pollution in India.
2. Due to the loss of forests and fossil fuels also due to the concentration of increasing CO2, a thick cover is formed in the atmosphere, which prevents heat returning from the Earth. This increases the temperature of the Earth, which is called the Green Home Effect. | The major greenhouse gases are CO2, N2O, CH4, CFCs
Measures for air pollution control1. Automated Vehicle Use of Sharped Natural Gas (CNG) in the place of Petrol as possible. Those .
2. Comprehensive surveys and studies to be conducted to check current air pollution levels and regular monitoring of pollution should be done.
3. Use of alternative sources of energy should be promoted; Such as tidal energy, bio-energy energy, wind power, solar thermal energy, hydroelectric energy etc.
4. To reduce pollution from automated vehicles, 'scrubber' should be included in trains.
5. Efforts should be made at the national level for the complete destruction of ruthenium or carrot grass.
6. It is necessary to have bag filter in factory fire plants. From this, particulate matter with diameter less than 50 micrometers is separated.
7. Only small amounts of sulfur-containing diesel (ULSD) or green diesel should be used in diesel trains.
8. Other alternate fuels of vehicles; Such as: Cola band methane, bio diesel etc.
9. There should be huge reductions in the production and consumption of deadly polluting materials and elements, such as chloro-fluoro carbon (CFCS) which causes decaying ozone.
10. Lacto-Static Preceptor, High NG scrubber etc. are used to prevent the spread of small particles of particles from a micrometer to the atmosphere.
12. On November 2, 2001, the Supreme Court on the Public Interest Litigation (PIL) of Congress leader Muriel Deborah issued an order prohibiting smoking at all public places.