Factors Affecting Indian Climate

 Indian climate, factor affecting of the Indian climate, Indian climate for UPSC,Indian climate for jee, Indian climate for exam preparation

 Affecting Indian Climate factor's

Affecting Indian Climate of following factors are given below
  1. Position and latitudinal expansion
  2. Distance from the sea
  3. Northern Mountain Ranges
  4. Landscape
  5. Monsoon winds
  6. Vertical air stream
  7. Tropical cyclones and western disturbances
  8. Southern oscillation
  9. El-Nino

Factors Affecting Indian Climate

Position and latitudinal expansion.

India is located in the northern hemisphere and the Tropic of Cancer passes through almost the middle of India. Therefore, the temperature here is high, this location makes India a tropical climate region.

Distance from the sea

 India is surrounded by the sea on three sides, its west coast, east coast and south Indian region have the effect of sea climate but the effect of maritime climate on North India, North-Western India and North-Eastern India is negligible.

Northern Mountain Ranges

 The Himalayan region affects the climate of India. It also causes rainfall in the Indian region during the monsoon period and plays the role of a wall to protect India from the effects of the cold wave by blocking the passage of extremely cold winds coming from the Tibetan region in the winter.


Geomorphic structures of India (mountains, plateaus, plains and deserts) also affect the climate of India. The western part of the Aravalli Mountains and the eastern part of the Western Ghats etc. are regions receiving low rainfall.

Monsoon winds

 Monsoon winds also affect the Indian climate, such as the amount of humidity in the winds, the direction and speed of the winds, etc.

Vertical air stream

The jet stream in the upper troposphere is usually 12 km from the ground level in the middle latitudes. A stream running at a rapid speed in the west to east direction is named. Its speed is generally 150 - 300 km. Hourly.

Tropical cyclones and western disturbances

 Tropical cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea and affect a large part of peninsular India.

Southern oscillation

Whenever the upper surface pressure of the Indian Ocean is high, or low pressure is formed over the Pacific Ocean, high pressure field is formed on the Indian Ocean. This high and low air pressure interconnection of the two oceans. It is also called Southern Wollen.


 It originates in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the Peruvian coast: a warm current. Due to its effect, India receives less rainfall. La - Nina. This is the opposite concept of El-Nino. In India by its influence. Get enough rain

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